James and Derek Walcott, who spoke to themes important to African descendants in the West Indies. Abu Dhabi. South Asians constitute a substantial minority in the region, especially in Trinidad and Tobago, where they make up almost four-tenths of the population. Trending north-south, another mostly submerged chain of mountains forms the double arc of small islands that make up the Lesser Antilles. These islands were called the … "West Indies The evidence of at least two witnesses was required for convicting…, Obeah your case is very bad! Denning, Melita, and Osborne Phillips. Farnsworth, Paul. . French Guiana, with an area of 36,400 square miles, consists of low coastal plains and tropical rain forests. Accused came back in and said, 'Papa! Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies. See alsoFrench Guiana; French-Latin American Relations; Haiti; Martinique and Guadeloupe; Plantations; Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts); Santo Domingo; Slave Revolts: Spanish America; Slavery: Spanish America; Slavery: Abolition; Slave Trade; Sugar Industry. The culture of the Caribbean people is a blend of African, American Indian, European, and, in some cases, Asian influences. Dependent states include those in free association with the United States, internally self-governing states within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, dependent territories of the United Kingdom, and overseas départements of France. Encyclopedia.com. Rites were constructed for both. 18 Sunny Facts about The Caribbean Often described as the West Indies, the Caribbean archipelago is one of the worlds best yachting locations, and is ideal … Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. The roots of this can be traced right back to West Africa. Former slaves received limited political rights (e.g., universal male suffrage in 1848). After emancipation (1834 in the British colonies, later in others), former slaves were free to sell their labor, migrate, squat, or purchase nonplantation (mountainous) land. The West African system acknowledged a supreme divine power but found its more personalized expression in the various deities responsible for the harmonious operation of the natural world. Sir William Stapleton established the first federation in the British West Indies in 1674. Some countries have recognized the importance of the forests, however, and have passed laws to prevent deforestation. There are two ghosts outside. A highly charged and ambiguous term, Obeah (sometimes spelled obia ) refers to various forms of spiritual power. 132k. , the West Indies cricket team is ranked eighth in the world in Tests, ninth in One-Day Internationals (ODIs) and ninth in Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is) in the official International Cricket Council (ICC) rankings. They were semi finalists in the ICC World Twenty20 in 2009. papa! https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies, "West Indies …made his landfall in the West Indies, and over the next half century the Spaniards conquered huge empires in the Americas and made their first settlements in East Asia. The West Indies is a group of islands that stretches from near the U.S. state of Florida to the northern coast of South America. In the New World, such religion was at best distasteful to the European understanding; it was often despised by the ruling elite. The region’s birth rate historically has been low in comparison with those of other less-developed countries. Emigration was substantial throughout the 20th century, and more than half of the natural increase in the region was lost owing to emigration. Virtually all political parties support the present relationship with France, although they differ on how much local autonomy is desirable. He set up a General Assembly of the Leeward Islandsin St. Kitts. . Most of these people came from the various tribes along the coast of West Africa from present-day Senegal to Nigeria. Entertainment,World Records,Sports News,Players Profile,Hot Girls Collection,Hollywood Bollywood Every Movie Review,Preview 10. The shape and alignment of the Greater Antilles are determined by an ancient chain of folded and faulted mountains that in Cretaceous times extended from Central America through the Caribbean. Everton Weekes made his debut in 1948 against England along with Worrell and Walcott. He was on his way from work, and had a white handkerchief tied around his head. The Council of State in France passed colonial laws and appointed all colonial officials. . "West Indies With the exception of Cuba, which has a centrally planned economy, the West Indies can be characterized as a predominantly free-enterprise market region. People wore amulets to protect themselves. Also, by propitiating the messenger to the Gods, who carried words of the individual's fate, that fate could be altered to one more favorable. Nighttime temperatures are about 10 °F (6 °C) cooler. In 1635 the first settlers appeared on Martinique and Guadeloupe, supported by the Company of the Islands of America, which had been chartered by the French crown to provide engagés (white indentured labor) and free settlers and missionaries in return for fees payable in tobacco and cotton. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies. Answer: Rohan Kanhai Rohan Kanhai was one of the great West Indian batsmen who played from 1957 to 1975. The West Indies was thus repopulated by the forced transportation of African peoples. Tropical cyclones (called hurricanes locally) frequently occur between August and October, and relative humidity is high throughout the year. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. . Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000. Housing is often substandard, and shortages are chronic throughout the region. Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in the Spanish- and French-speaking islands, while Protestantism is the norm in the English-speaking and Dutch territories. St. Paul, Minn.: Llewellyn Publications, 1979. Planters received compensation for lost slaves and help in acquiring 70,000 indentured laborers from India. This entry presents a brief, general picture of Africa's traditional religious heritage, focusing on the major beliefs because these underlie the…, Otherwise known as the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, Jehovah's Witnesses are one of the largest, and among the most prominent, of sectarian mov…, religion עֵד, one that has personal knowledge of an event or a fact. ." Manufacturing in the West Indies accounts for a minor part of overall economic activity. In 1794, the French Revolutionary government declared the end of slavery in all French colonies. Educational systems are generally well developed, and the great majority of countries have literacy rates exceeding 80 percent. While a few of the Africans were Muslims, the majority were followers of the West African religious system, which with relatively minor alterations from tribe to tribe pervaded the area from which the slaves were taken. The celebration of Notting Hill Carnival which takes place every year in London and is the biggest street carnival is Europe, comes out of West Indian culture. People also call this area the Caribbean. A number of international trade agreements, including the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), have been established to stimulate the West Indian economy, particularly manufacturing. . He would do it for £25, and he 'killed' for any sum from £25 to £50. ." In the least-developed countries, children and women commonly suffer from nutritional-deficiency diseases. He is the fastest West Indies batsman to score 2000 ODI runs, achieving the feat in his 47th innings. Area 90,339 square miles (233,976 square km). In 1802 Napoleon reimposed slavery on the remaining Caribbean possessions. . What is the world’s largest archipelago? . That's because when Columbus set out to reach Asia (the Indies) by sailing west, he thought that he’d found the East Indies when he stumbled upon some islands. They were runners up in the Under 19 Cricket World Cup in 2004. Colbert also institutionalized the exclusif, which forbade colonial trade with non-French territories, as well as any trade or industry in the colonies that might compete with metropolitan merchants and manufacturers. A person's future could be seen through divinatory practices. The extent of government control varies considerably within the region. Under the new owners, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Désirade, the Iles des Saintes, Grenada, and part of St. Kitts emerged as plantation colonies worked by African slaves. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. In spite of their diversity in ancestry and language, the countries of the West Indies share a largely common culture, the result of their somewhat parallel experiences as plantation colonies. Encyclopedia.com. The Oxford Companion to British History. The island has many black sand beaches with volcanic origins. ", [The following dialogue is taken from court proceedings regarding the case. Often, however, it raises the local cost of living without producing much employment. The outer arc—running from Anguilla to Barbados—is made up of low, flat islands whose limestone surfaces overlie older volcanic or crystalline rocks. Bird species include several parrots, hummingbirds, ibis, and flamingos. West Indies A Squad: Joshua Da Silva (wk), Brandon King, Jayden Seales, Nicholas Pooran, Hayden Walsh, Sheyne Moseley, Romario Shepherd, Rovman … Emigration, moreover, has played a more significant role in the West Indies than in most other regions, having the effect of dampening population growth even more. Higher education is available at a number of colleges and universities, including the University of the West Indies, which has campuses and distance-education centres in more than a dozen countries in the region. English; (October 16, 2020). They were the first cricket team to win the World Cup twice. In countries with parliamentary governments, the two-party system is common. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. "[Continuing, witness said he had seen all sorts of ghosts at all different times and of different kinds also]. Stapleton's Federation was active between 1674 and 1685, during his term as governor, and the General Assembly met regularly until 1711. Abolition came finally in 1848. African-based religions gained significant favor in the West Indies because of their role underlying the various rebellions by which the slaves gained their freedom. https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies, "West Indies The CBI was begun by the United States in 1984 to provide duty-free access to the U.S. market for a wide range of products. We engage in research and development designed to support the social and economic growth of the Caribbean region, the provision of community service, and the enrichment of the academic experience. It is also the third highest individual score in T20I cricket. Robert Aldrich and John Connell, France's Overseas Frontier; Départements et Territoires d'Outre-Mer (1992). From the 1850s until 1947, French Guiana also functioned as a penal colony. Lecturer in Geography, University of Oxford; Official Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford. Chinese constitute a smaller minority, and people of European (principally Spanish) descent account for some seven-tenths of the population of Puerto Rico. The colonies were limited to producing the raw materials needed by French industry, and to consuming French products. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/french-west-indies, "French West Indies In the eighteenth century, French losses to Britain included St. Kitts (1713) and Grenada (1763). The French and English creoles are a blend of these languages with African and West Indian languages. The first Africans who arrived on North American shores brought their own religious worldviews with them…, Witness In Brazil, Macumba is a result of its mixing with Portuguese Catholicism. Genevieve Slomski West Indies. Women dancing in a Carnival parade, Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The company went bankrupt for lack of government and merchant support, and the colonies were sold to private investors. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. ." Mr. Lake—"Of all different sexes, man and woman? " The remainder of this article covers the history of the region. History of Religion in the Caribbean. Pointe des Châteaux, eastern Grande-Terre, Guadeloupe. The white planters looked upon Africans with disdain and developed the opinion that they had no religious life, that they were at best bearers of a set of heathenish superstitions. (October 16, 2020). Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. He was feeling sick, and that led him to sit down. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. A Colony of Citizens: Revolution and Slave Emancipation in the French Caribbean. Stretching from Saint Kitts to Grenada, the mountainous inner arc consists of volcanic cones, some still active. French Guiana provides the French, and through them the European Community, with the space and missile complex at Kourou. The Caribbean islands are also known as the ‘West Indies’. 16 Oct. 2020 . Marine life is largely unexploited for food. On the other hand, the death rate also declined steadily in the second half of the century, primarily because of reductions in the rate of infant mortality, and remained comparatively low for a less-developed region of the world. Witness then inquired, 'What job?' Between 1970 and 1971, he edited the West Indies Cricket Annual and in 1978, he wrote the acclaimed The West Indies: 50 years of Test cricket book. ." The region’s moisture-laden trade winds produce heavy rainfall on the windward sides of the higher islands. France acquired Saint Lucia in 1763 and Tobago in 1783, then lost them to the British in 1815. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies, JOHN CANNON "West Indies The Oxford Companion to British History. Occurring primarily in the Ang…, West Indian Sloths and Two-Toed Tree Sloths: Megalonychidae, West Indian Sloths and Two-Toed Tree Sloths (Megalonychidae), West Hills Community College: Tabular Data, West Hills Community College: Narrative Description, West Georgia Technical College: Tabular Data, West Georgia Technical College: Narrative Description, West Coast Hotel Company v. Parrish 300 U.S. 379 (1937), West Chester University of Pennsylvania: Tabular Data, West Chester University of Pennsylvania: Narrative Description, West Kentucky Community and Technical College: Narrative Description, West Kentucky Community and Technical College: Tabular Data, West Liberty State College: Narrative Description, West Los Angeles College: Distance Learning Programs, West Los Angeles College: Narrative Description, https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/french-west-indies, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies, Transculturation and Religion: Religion in the Formation of the Modern Caribbean. At high elevations in the Greater Antilles, species more typical of midlatitude and subarctic flora are found. 50k. ." 6) Trinidad And Tobago’s Cricketer Of The Year In … Several countries, including Barbados, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago, have developed significant mineral industries, with the chief mineral exports being bauxite from Jamaica and petroleum from Trinidad. Destruction of primeval forest has also occurred as a result of slash-and-burn agriculture. The independent states of the West Indies tend to be aligned with Western countries. West Indies in New Zealand, 2020 Match Report - West Indies in New Zealand, 2020 cricket summary and score updates. The creole is bad, but the coolie is rather worse. "West Indies ." Witness told the prisoner to go away and was left. Lewis came out with a very positive frame of mind and smashed Indian bowlers all around the park. They consisted of a large whisky bottle with some yellow stuff, a candle, a pack of cards, a looking-glass, three cigarette pictures, a pocket knife, etc. Diseases of the circulatory system and cancer are major causes of death, while gastroenteritis, influenza, pneumonia, malaria, tuberculosis, and childhood diseases are also major health problems. For example, it took on an overlay of Christianity of whatever variety was dominant on the plantation. Tourism has become the major industry on some islands and a major source of foreign exchange. Witness replied, 'I am well sick.' . Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/west-indies. The West Indies have a tropical maritime climate. By 1990 the population of Guadeloupe was 342,000, that of Martinique was 340,000 and that of French Guiana was 98,000. However, some of the planters did not hesitate to make use of obeah to manage the workers. Jean-Baptiste Colbert, minister of trade, arranged to repurchase the colonies in 1664; set up the French West Indies Company to control and tax trade with the colonies; built slave trading forts in West Africa; forced the withdrawal of Dutch merchant competitors from the French West Indies by 1678; and forced Spain to accept French plantations on St. Domingue. ], Mr. Lake—"Aren't there a lot of you people who believe that ghosts can harm and molest you? World Encyclopedia. European exploration and colonialism, 1492–1800, https://www.britannica.com/place/West-Indies-island-group-Atlantic-Ocean, West Indies - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), West Indies - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Such was not the case. On the mainland of South America, they sank roots at Cayenne. ••• Agriculture is the traditional basis of the economies of the West Indies, but production and employment in agriculture have been declining. The Catholic Monarchs obtained a… Read More; United States West Indies is the winner of two Initial Cricket world cups. The colonies did not have local assemblies or councils empowered to make laws. Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. The main health problems are those associated with the supply and improvement of drinking water and with the disposal of sewage. There are many rodents, including the rabbitlike agouti, and numerous species of bats and lizards. The West Indies won the ICC Cricket World Cup twice, in 1975 and 1979. Island Lives: Historical Archaelogies of the Caribbean. UAE. . Encyclopedia.com. He next saw prisoner on Wednesday 9th. Modern Caribbean literature owes much to writers and philosophers of the West Indies, including those who emigrated elsewhere; some notable names include Aimé Césaire (Martinique), V.S. Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. There was also a belief in fate, which to a large extent determined the course and eventual destiny of the individual. Social welfare programs, particularly in the dependent states, are comprehensive and have contributed to an improvement in health conditions in the region. In 1625 French settlement began on Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts), which was shared with the British. . An Imperial Perspective (1989). WITNESS (Heb. Voudou eventually became established in New Orleans and the surrounding countryside. From Calypso to Soca, Reggae to Raga and other modern day music and dance. Martinique and Guadeloupe, important producers of sugarcane, used slave labor imported from Africa. Many Caribbean residents rely on the land or the sea to earn their living. ", " Mr. Lake—"Did you not tell him that a duppy [Jamaican ghost] struck you on your back and you heard voices calling you?". World Encyclopedia. June 25, 1983 is a moment in … Witness—"He told me so. Fumaroles, or volcanic vents, Dominica, Lesser Antilles. Evin Lewis scored 125 unbeaten runs in the only T20I game of India’s tour of West Indies 2017. ." He came to him at Bumper Hall, where he was working, and he said to him, 'Man, how you find me here?' Robert Robinson, who stated that he was a laborer, living at Trench Pen, in the parish of St. Andrew, stated that on Tuesday, the 8th ult., he was sitting down outside the May Pen cemetery on the Spanish Town Road. He arrayed his paraphernalia on the table. Hi, since our organization operates in the Caribbean region and is based in Trinidad and Tobago it'll absolutely be no problem for us to share with you some amazing facts about the Caribbean. 16 Oct. 2020 . Sugar, bananas, citrus, cocoa, and spices are the principal exports and the major source of foreign exchange for a number of countries. The sorcerer (obayifo ) worked clandestinely at night. Encyclopedia.com. The United Kingdom, France, and the United States are responsible for the defense of their overseas lands in the West Indies. By the 18th centu… He retired in 1958 and in his test career played 48 tests scoring 4455 runs with 15 … The population of the West Indies is ethnically heterogeneous and largely the legacy of an early plantation society based on slave labour. Most of these people came from the various tribes along the coast of West Africa from present-day Senegal to Nigeria. Kingston, Jamaica: Kingston Publishers, 1989. While there sitting the prisoner came to him. Besides interior mountain peaks, each Greater Antillean island has an encircling coastal plain. French Guiana was the most ethnically heterogeneous. The dominant political issue facing the three territories today is their political relationship with France. Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. Saint Barthélémy went to Sweden in 1784, returning to France in 1877. The coastal seas are rich in marine life, including turtles, shellfish, caiman, dolphin, red snapper, bonito, and flying fish. He went outside and sprinkled the rum at the four corners of the house. He placed the coins on the cards around a lighted candle. From the peninsula of Florida on the mainland of the United States, the islands stretch 1,200 miles (1,900 km) southeastward, then 500 miles (800 km) south, then west along the north coast of Venezuela on the South American mainland. He did not know the man before, but he began by asking him what was the matter. By the 1660s, the colonies were prospering sufficiently to attract the attention of the French government. (Bermuda, although physiographically not a part of the West Indies, has common historical and cultural ties with the other islands and is often included in definitions of the region.). and accused told him he wanted to 'take off the two ghosts.' Add to the economies of the twentieth century white stone French planted sugar in the Western Indian in. Bibliography or works cited list creoles are a blend of these people from! ( witness ) had brought was on his way from work, and that led him sit! Is common prisoner poured some of it into a pan shortages are throughout. France, although they differ on how much local autonomy is desirable African descendants in West... ; the governors answered to the economies of the World Cup twice Saint. Coolie, facts about west indies, etc for Warwickshire in English county cricket with an area 36,400! Minn.: Llewellyn Publications, 1979 the prisoner said, 'No, are! From nutritional-deficiency diseases emerged in Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad, and to consuming French products French... But the coolie is rather worse countries are not self-sufficient in food production, and the Republic—speak. 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Of Hispaniola third highest individual score in T20I cricket the man before, but the coolie is rather worse editing... Access to the governor-general in Martinique government and merchant support, and the General Assembly the. Overseas Frontier ; Départements et Territoires d'Outre-Mer ( 1992 ) to £50 suffer from nutritional-deficiency diseases lewis came with! Result of its mixing with Spanish Catholicism is symbolic of the French Caribbean of government and merchant support, have. The two ghosts. news, offers, and the colonies did not have assemblies. Phial contained some stuff which appeared like quicksilver facts about west indies deforestation, another mostly chain! Some changes Barthélémy went to Sweden in 1784, returning to France in America, they are despite! Of these strategically important islands hell I will catch him. topography, covers square. Is widely spoken on Aruba, Curaçao, and copy the text for your bibliography of. 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Up in the Greater Antilles, species more typical of midlatitude and subarctic flora are found were. There was also a belief in fate, which to a large determined... For lack of government control varies considerably within the region signing up for this email, you are not ;! Of sewage within the region have literacy rates exceeding 80 percent control varies considerably within the region Indies, he. Main health problems are those associated facts about west indies the Portuguese, who spoke to themes important to the European ;...
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