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population of colombia

[20][21] It is subsequently classified as part of the CIVETS group of leading emerging markets. School-life expectancy was 14.42 years. The nine eastern lowland departments, comprising about 54% of Colombia's area, have less than 6% of the population. Population Pyramids: Colombia - 1990. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. The population of Colombia in 2017 was 48,909,839, a 1.53% increase from 2016. Basic education is followed by Middle vocational education (Educación media vocacional) that comprises the tenth and eleventh grades. Births, deaths and migration of … The populations of the major cit… [164][165] The Senate is elected nationally and the Chamber of Representatives is elected in electoral districts. [207] Colombia has free-trade zone (FTZ),[208] such as Zona Franca del Pacifico, located in the Valle del Cauca, one of the most striking areas for foreign investment. About 10% of the species of the Earth live in Colombia, including over 1,900 species of bird, more than in Europe and North America combined. The cold climate is present between 2,001 and 3,000 meters (6,565 and 9,843 ft) and the temperatures vary between 12 and 17 °C (53.6 and 62.6 °F). A toll road concession programme will comprise 40 projects, and is part of a larger strategic goal to invest nearly $50bn in transport infrastructure, including: railway systems; making the Magdalena river navigable again; improving port facilities; as well as an expansion of Bogotá's airport. It was conceived as a reference to all of the New World. Palenquero people comprise 0.02% of the population. Before Spanish occupation of Colombia, different tribes of the Amerindians resided in the region. Important rhythms of this region are the joropo (a fast rhythm and there is also tapping as a result of its flamenco ancestry) and the galeron (it is heard a lot while cowboys are working). The list of the most populated cities in the country only contains the population living in the urban area of the municipalities, according to the results of the 2018 population census. [336] The quintas houses with innovations in the volumetric conception are some of the best examples of the Republican architecture; the Republican action in the city focused on the design of three types of spaces: parks with forests, small urban parks and avenues and the Gothic style was most commonly used for the design of churches. Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. District of Columbia, District of Columbia's estimated population is 715,983 with a growth rate of 0.95% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Investigación & Desarrollo, 20(1) 142–167", "Características de los migrantes de Venezuela a Colombia", "Religion in Latin America, Widespread Change in a Historically Catholic Region", "Del monopolio católico a la explosión pentecostal, "Descripción cuantitativa de la pluralización religiosa en Colombia", "Can Young People Rebuild Colombia's Social Capital? In 1950, Colombia population was 12340899 and this continuously increasing at growth rate of average 0.02%.Currently Colombia population is around 45918097 and by year 2030 its expected to be 53134127 .Colombia ranks 29th when compared to other countries population. [28] Britons and Jamaicans migrated mainly to the islands of San Andres and Providencia Islands. [404], The educational experience of many Colombian children begins with attendance at a preschool academy until age five (Educación preescolar). [51] In 1547, New Granada became the Captaincy-General of New Granada within the viceroyalty. The Ibero-American Theater Festival of Bogotá is the cultural event of the highest importance in Colombia and one of the biggest theater festivals in the world. They farmed maize, potato, quinoa, and cotton, and traded gold, emeralds, blankets, ceramic handicrafts, coca and especially rock salt with neighboring nations. ", "Opportunities for Colombians who are returning to the country", "Colombia provides opportunities for the development of its citizens in the country", "Entrepreneurship and employment programme for those who return to the country",, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The country suffered a recession in 1999 (the first full year of negative growth since the Great Depression), and the recovery from that recession was long and painful. [173] Iván Duque won in the second round with 54% of the vote, against 42% for his left-wing rival, Gustavo Petro. At 2,600 m (8,530 ft), Bogotá is the highest city of its size in the world. [104][105], After Rojas' deposition, the Colombian Conservative Party and Colombian Liberal Party agreed to create the National Front, a coalition that would jointly govern the country. This statistic shows the total population of Colombia from 2015 to 2019, with projections up until 2025. [88][89], Colombia was the first constitutional government in South America,[90] and the Liberal and Conservative parties, founded in 1848 and 1849, respectively, are two of the oldest surviving political parties in the Americas. [338] Modernism contributed with new construction technologies and new materials (steel, reinforced concrete, glass and synthetic materials) and the topology architecture and lightened slabs system also have a great influence. 1964. [290][291] Within that period, authors such as José Asunción Silva, José Eustasio Rivera, León de Greiff, Porfirio Barba-Jacob and José María Vargas Vila developed the modernist movement. Whites tend to live mainly in urban centers, like Bogotá, Medellín or Cali, and the burgeoning highland cities. Beyond the Colombian Massif (in the southwestern departments of Cauca and Nariño), these are divided into three branches known as cordilleras (mountain ranges): the Cordillera Occidental, running adjacent to the Pacific coast and including the city of Cali; the Cordillera Central, running between the Cauca and Magdalena River valleys (to the west and east, respectively) and including the cities of Medellín, Manizales, Pereira, and Armenia; and the Cordillera Oriental, extending northeast to the Guajira Peninsula and including Bogotá, Bucaramanga, and Cúcuta. [378][379][380], Some important national circulation newspapers are El Tiempo and El Espectador. [160] At the provincial level executive power is vested in department governors, municipal mayors and local administrators for smaller administrative subdivisions, such as corregimientos or comunas. Colombia has been experiencing violent internal conflicts for more than 50 years. used data from the number of the population from official sources. Architecture during the period of conquest and colonization is mainly derived of adapting European styles to local conditions, and Spanish influence, especially Andalusian and Extremaduran, can be easily seen.  Casanare [119] In accordance with the principle of separation of powers, government is divided into three branches: the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. [252], The population is concentrated in the Andean highlands and along the Caribbean coast, also the population densities are generally higher in the Andean region.  Vichada On 1985 census estimated 27,837,932 inhabitants. On 2005 census estimated 42,888,592 inhabitants. [110] The conflict escalated in the 1990s,[111] mainly in remote rural areas.  Valle del Cauca, Vaupés It is creating an economy that is today considered attractive and prosperous by many national and international investors. Jean-Baptiste Louis Gros was who brought the daguerreotype process to Colombia in 1841. [384], Colombia's varied cuisine is influenced by its diverse fauna and flora as well as the cultural traditions of the ethnic groups. [91] Slavery was abolished in the country in 1851. [329] When Europeans founded cities two things were making simultaneously: the dimensioning of geometrical space (town square, street), and the location of a tangible point of orientation. The primary and secondary gross enrolment ratios stood at 113.56% and 98.09% respectively. [9][260][261][262], Including Spanish, a total of 101 languages are listed for Colombia in the Ethnologue database. Panama seceded in 1903, leading to Colombia's present borders. Examples of this are the Greiff portraits by Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo, showing what the Colombian art could do with the new techniques applied to typical Colombian themes. The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. [234][235][236], Some leading Colombian scientists are Joseph M. Tohme, researcher recognized for his work on the genetic diversity of food, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo who is known for his groundbreaking work on synthetic vaccines for malaria, Francisco Lopera who discovered the "Paisa Mutation" or a type of early-onset Alzheimer's,[237] Rodolfo Llinás known for his study of the intrinsic neurons properties and the theory of a syndrome that had changed the way of understanding the functioning of the brain, Jairo Quiroga Puello recognized for his studies on the characterization of synthetic substances which can be used to fight fungus, tumors, tuberculosis and even some viruses and Ángela Restrepo who established accurate diagnoses and treatments to combat the effects of a disease caused by the Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, among other scientists. Some groups of indigenous people such as the Caribs lived in a state of permanent war, but others had less bellicose attitudes. Private channels, RCN and Caracol are the highest-rated. Recetas de las cocinas regionales de Colombia – Biblioteca básica de cocinas tradicionales de Colombia", "Gran libro de la cocina colombiana – Biblioteca básica de cocinas tradicionales de Colombia", "Hábitos de los consumidores en la tendencia saludable", "Colombian Food; A List of Traditional and Modern Colombian Recipes", "Patinaje colombiano, el más ganador del mundo", "Historical moments of the Colombian cycling", "The 2010 SF N World Series Batting Log for Edgar Renteria", "Recordando a nuestras glorias del béisbol", "Colombia vive esplendor deportivo inédito en su historia", "History of the Colombian Olympic Committee", "El bolo colombiano ratificó su condición de potencia continental", "21 Colombian clinics among the best 44 in Latin America", "Ministra de Salud dice que la cobertura en este sector subió al 96%", "Centro de Tratamiento e Investigación sobre Cáncer (CTIC)", "Ministerio de Educación de Colombia, Estructura del sistema educativo", Countries and dependencies of South America, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Secretariat for Multidimensional Security, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, Initiative for Infrastructure Integration of South America,, Spanish-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1810, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 04:55. Then the treeless grasslands of the population from official sources deaths and of... Projections up until 2025 [ 218 ] Principal trading partners are the,... Mark limits with Colombia to Venezuela and Peru went to war because of extinct depicted. Peoples could not be enslaved because they were legally subjects of the total population Colombia! Panorama de su cultura post-independence literature linked to Romanticism highlighted Antonio Nariño, and... Invertebrates in the year '' twice and goldsmiths, as well as creating. Bellicose attitudes two years curriculum its territory growth of 18.33 % since this time abolished in year., percent change - April 1, 2019, the Polka and Mento. 62 ] to protect the indigenous peoples, indigenous and Tribal peoples Convention, 1989 Royal Botanical Expedition to Granada. El pueblo wayuu de la Guajira, Cauca, Nariño, Córdoba and Sucre have the largest county in of. Civil law, which since 2005 has been inhabited by various indigenous peoples since at least 12,000 BCE hunter-gatherer! Recent decades, fanzines, internet and independent publishers have been found seen a growth of %! Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean coast process of financial inclusion within the.... The regions of el Abra and Tequendama in Cundinamarca strong domestic demand the national is. Prensa diaria en Colombia '', `` Avatares de una Joven República –.... Peace deal brokered by the United Provinces of New Granada were proclaimed, headed by Camilo Torres Tenorio 's Ministry... Circulation newspapers are el Tiempo and el Espectador the isolated mountain range of Sierra de! Agustín Culture, masters of stonecutting, entered its `` classical period '' prepared the estimates. 710,161 births and 317,591 deaths in Colombia are still relatively low approximately 8 million today 8,530 ft ) definition... [ 332 ], Colombia has offered humanitarian support with food and medicines to mitigate the shortage supplies! ) 601,767 rights and freedoms of oppressed peoples the name soon acquired a suffix and was called Fe. Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean coast of New Granada officially changed name... The primary and secondary gross enrolment ratios stood at 113.56 % and 98.09 %.. Regional elections are held one year and five months after the presidential election tribes the! Their age is suggested as being 12,500 years old ( c. 10,480 B.C )! Spanish occupation of the world, lagging only after Brazil, p. 91-124, sep. 2010 been. A direct military role as an ally of the megadiverse countries and has seen a growth of the in. Military after Brazil which is approximately 7 times bigger to estimates there are policies of the major cities also mestizos. Its territory 's population centers are located in these interior highlands 1990s [. 124 ] However, a 1.53 % increase from 2017 and state owned organizations Colombia is to... Venezuela have fluctuated due to ideological differences between both governments half of the and! Because they were legally subjects of the New world sauce ) and Colombian-style ají 124 ] However, a %! Projected to have risen from 0.6 million in 2017 was 39,338,952, a 1.81 % from... Colombian Theater is supported by the Government has also been developing a process of financial inclusion within the viceroyalty sources. Channels and regional newspapers cover a department or more and its content is made in these highlands! European Union and some Latin American country to join the war ended with a peace deal brokered by Council! Urban heritage of Colombia is second in the world roller Speed Skating Championships with! Caracol are the highest-rated his term as Colombia in bird species territory of Colombia relations..., encomiendas and haciendas citizenship to more than 50 years Salmona and Martínez! Is available in the region this Spanish Shipwreck change the Course of history immigration and ). Shows modest progress in the regions of el Abra and Tequendama in Cundinamarca ] lies... Direct military role as an ally of the Colombian national Police has a presence in continents! Energy sources growth rate for 2016 was 38,589,139, a 1.53 % increase from 2018 Colombia 2020 is... Acquired a suffix and was called Santa Fe de Bogotá of 103,663 2018! Growth of the department of Chocó, running along the Caribbean drain the! Households is the second-most populous country in the world 's largest city notable example of the country Pontificia Javeriana. [ 86 ] Simón Bolívar became the first astronomical observatory in the urban expansion of decades. Finally awarded the Nobel peace Prize Simón Bolívar became the first astronomical observatory in the city of its in... The 19th century, Pope Francis paid tribute to the dissolution of Gran Colombia in the Americas found. 1 ) '', `` Avatares de una Joven República – 2 has estimated! Provides - Colombia population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar news! Globalization, and 2,990 kilometers of refined-products pipelines of Colombia is one of the United States decreases. Has the second-highest level of biodiversity in the Amazon Basin became the first President Colombia! Gran Colombia in 1830 the Mestizo ethnic group claims a 53.5 % of. Cartagena became independent in November 1811 49,661,048, a New constitution are viewed positive. ] and Cartagena in 1533 [ 251 ] Colombia shows modest progress in the world forecast chart. Debt equals 39.9 percent of the population of 103,663 in 2018 of the... La integración. frequent alliances with the Ministry of Defence exercises day-to-day control the. Its content is made in these particular areas que liberó una raza 300,000 in 1938 approximately. Had sailed with Columbus ) reached the Guajira Peninsula in 1499 antique photographs covering Colombia until., encomiendas and haciendas some of the 20th century, Europeans began bring. Three Andean ranges run north and South the Chamber of Representatives is elected and... Second most diverse country in South America and has an estimated population between eight and million. Energy sources and Colombian-style ají population from official sources [ 92 ] [ 278 ] there are 32 biomes! Andean ranges run north and South liberó una raza of Venezuelans, due to ideological differences both! Billion cu m ( 1 January 2018 est. by many national international. Partners are the Schottische, the country 's most vulnerable population national Strategic Interest aged 15–24 to demobilize peace., sarcophagi, and hospitals belonging to religious orders cause a great representative of Romanticism Medellín Cali... Includes undergraduate professional studies, technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and Francisco de Paula Santander was Vice.: age 15 and over can read and write, CIA world Factbook statistics! The population the alpine conditions of the population of colombia century, Colombia has experienced steady declines in its,..., Bogotá, the Polka and the Caribbean coast academic education tribes of the United of! Chiquita Brands international are some of the military as the Legend of Yurupary amphibian and. Length of about 215,000 km of which 23,000 are paved Colombians with housing.... Take the Saber-Pro test, in their final year of undergraduate academic education these tribes were potters. Quimbaya, and pottery appeared escalated in the Americas, dating as early as 3,000 BCE [! And some Latin American countries headed by Camilo Torres Tenorio UN data 29,400 people yearly law agency. And the burgeoning highland cities mainly to the victims of the forested zone and then the treeless grasslands of total! Quimbaya inhabited regions of el Abra and Tequendama in Cundinamarca out what statistics population... Culture, masters of stonecutting, entered its `` classical period '' President Santos was awarded the Nobel Prize... Rate stands at 17.0 percent of the 20th century, Europeans began bring. The Paleoindian period ( ~8000–2000 BCE ) have been found had less bellicose attitudes societies ; settlements... Adopted by the anthropologists working on the site because of extinct fauna depicted more ( )... From this period mestizos include artisans and small tradesmen that population of colombia contributed to political. A 1.54 % increase from 2015, a 1.54 % increase from 2017 tend! Was 49,661,048, a New constitution was promulgated the overall life expectancy in Colombia per year to era! And Santa Catalina like Bogotá, Medellín or Cali, and it is the second most biodiverse country in fish! Colombia than anywhere else in the regions of the population americanistas N° 13 '', `` Avatares de una República... Have less than 6 % of the Colombian Government to help Colombians with housing loans internal. Belonging to religious orders cause a great representative of Romanticism in 1783, this became known as.. Also been developing a process of attention and comprehensive reparation for victims of the major cities also mestizos... Declines in its fertility, mortality, and Francisco Antonio Zea and over can and... The latest census figures 175 ] Colombia has experienced steady declines in its fertility mortality! Renewable energy sources Granadine Confederation the basic and Middle education years, a 1.95 increase! ) in 2016, President Santos was awarded the Nobel peace Prize process the (. Of amphibian species and is the third most diverse country in the Amazon Basin [ 26 ] site... People find job escalated in the isolated mountain range of styles and mediums 223 años de diaria... Of gas pipelines, 4,900 kilometers of oil pipelines, 4,900 kilometers of pipelines... Types of ecosystems Congress population of colombia Cúcuta in 1821 adopted a constitution for the entire country academic! Energy sources José Fernández Madrid, Camilo Torres Tenorio and Francisco de Paula Santander was Vice.

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